Export excel file using MVC and JQuery


We will see how to download an excel file with huge data using JQuery and MVC. When you use ajax call in asp.net MVC, you can just return JSON object not file so we need to convert that JSON data into downloadable blob file. A blob object represents a chuck of bytes that holds data of a file. But a blob is not a reference to an actual file. It may seem like it is.

Step 1: Returning JSON object file data from the controller side

public ActionResult Export(Data)
Datatable dtable=”” //logic of fetching all the records from database based on data sent from request
FileContentResult fobject;
using (XLWorkbook wb = new XLWorkbook())
using (MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream())
var bytesdata = File(stream.ToArray(), “application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet”, “Report.xlsx”);
//Content type is used according to latest xlsx format
fobject = bytesdata;
return Json(fobject, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet); //returning bytes of file data as json object

Step 2: Converting JSON object to blob downloadable in ajax

type: “POST”,
url: “@(Url.Action(“Export”,”Master”))” // method name, controller name
data: formData,
success: function (filedata) {
var bytes = new Uint8Array(filedata.FileContents);
var blob = new Blob([bytes], {type: “application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet” });
var link = document.createElement(‘a’);
link.href = window.URL.createObjectURL(blob);
link.download = “Report.xlsx”;
error: function (err) {
cache: false,
contentType: false,
processData: false,



If your data in file is large enough you will get an error of exceeding the bounds of your serializer can handle and you will be met with an exception of error during serialization and deserialization using JSON.JavaScriptSerializer.


<configuration><system.web.extensions><scripting><webServices><jsonSerialization maxJsonLength=”68323055" /></webServices></scripting></system.web.extensions></configuration>

2.If you are using MVC4 to handle returning your JSON values, you may want to override the default JsonResult() ActionResult and change the maximum size manually.

JsonResult result = Json(fobject);result.MaxJsonLength = 7895389;

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